svycor extends the survey package by calculating correlations with syntax similar to the original package, which for reasons unknown lacks such a function.

svycor(formula, design, na.rm = FALSE,
  digits = getOption("jtools-digits", default = 2), sig.stats = FALSE,
  bootn = 1000, mean1 = TRUE, ...)

Arguments

formula

A formula (e.g., ~var1+var2) specifying the terms to correlate.

design

The survey.design or svyrep.design object.

na.rm

Logical. Should cases with missing values be dropped?

digits

An integer specifying the number of digits past the decimal to report in the output. Default is 2. You can change the default number of digits for all jtools functions with options("jtools-digits" = digits) where digits is the desired number.

sig.stats

Logical. Perform non-parametric bootstrapping (using wtd.cor) to generate standard errors and associated t- and p-values. See details for some considerations when doing null hypothesis testing with complex survey correlations.

bootn

If sig.stats is TRUE, this defines the number of bootstraps to be run to generate the standard errors and p-values. For large values and large datasets, this can contribute considerably to processing time.

mean1

If sig.stats is TRUE, it is important to know whether the sampling weights should have a mean of 1. That is, should the standard errors be calculated as if the number of rows in your dataset is the total number of observations (TRUE) or as if the sum of the weights in your dataset is the total number of observations (FALSE)?

...

Additional arguments passed to svyvar.

Value

If significance tests are not requested, there is one returned value:

cors

The correlation matrix (without rounding)

If significance tests are requested, the following are also returned:
p.values

A matrix of p values

t.values

A matrix of t values

std.err

A matrix of standard errors

Details

This function extends the survey package by calculating the correlations for user-specified variables in survey design and returning a correlation matrix.

Using the wtd.cor function, this function also returns standard errors and p-values for the correlation terms using a sample-weighted bootstrapping procedure. While correlations do not require distributional assumptions, hypothesis testing (i.e., \(r > 0\)) does. The appropriate way to calculate standard errors and use them to define a probability is not straightforward in this scenario since the weighting causes heteroskedasticity, thereby violating an assumption inherent in the commonly used methods for converting Pearson's correlations into t-values. The method provided here is defensible, but if reporting in scientific publications the method should be spelled out.

Note

This function was designed in part on the procedure recommended by Thomas Lumley, the author of the survey package, on Stack Overflow. However, he has not reviewed or endorsed this implementation. All defects are attributed to the author.

See also

wtd.cor, svyvar

Other survey package extensions: svysd

Other survey tools: pf_sv_test, svysd, weights_tests, wgttest

Examples

if (requireNamespace("survey")) { library(survey) data(api) # Create survey design object dstrat <- svydesign(id = ~1, strata = ~stype, weights = ~pw, data = apistrat, fpc = ~fpc) # Print correlation matrix svycor(~api00 + api99 + dnum, design = dstrat) # Save the results, extract correlation matrix out <- svycor(~api00 + api99 + dnum, design = dstrat) out$cors }
#> api00 api99 dnum #> api00 1.0000000 0.9759047 0.2543484 #> api99 0.9759047 1.0000000 0.2441910 #> dnum 0.2543484 0.2441910 1.0000000